Gabon is a nation that extends along the Atlantic coast of Central Africa and which has vast areas of protected parks. The coastal forest that falls within the boundaries of the famous Loango National Park is home to a wide variety of animals, from gorillas to hippos, to whales. The Lopé National Park is composed mostly of rainforest. Akanda National Park is known for mangroves and tidal beaches.
The Galápagos Islands are a volcanic archipelago of the Pacific Ocean, considered one of the main destinations in the world for observing unspoiled nature. Ecuadorian province, extends for about 1000 km off the coast of the continent. In its remote lands, there is a great variety of plants and animals, some of which exist only in this area. Charles Darwin visited the archipelago in 1835, and it was what he saw in these islands that inspired him later on the theory of evolution.
Georgia is a nation located on the dividing line between Europe and Asia. Once a Soviet Republic, it is characterized by small villages in the Caucasus mountains and the beaches of the Black Sea. The country is known for Vardzia, a large monastery carved out of the rock that dates back to the 12th century, and for the ancient wine region of Kakheti. The capital Tbilisi is renowned for its varied architecture and the maze of cobbled streets in the historic center.
Since independence, Ghana has been devoted to ideals of nonalignment and is a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement. Ghana favours international and regional political and economic co-operation, and is an active member of the United Nations and the African Union.
Gibraltar is a British Overseas Territory and headland, on Spain’s south coast. It’s dominated by the Rock of Gibraltar, a 426m-high limestone ridge. First settled by the Moors in the Middle Ages and later ruled by Spain, the outpost was ceded to the British in 1713. Layers of fortifications include the remains of a 14th-century Moorish Castle and the 18th century Great Siege Tunnels, which were expanded in WWII.
Grenada is a Caribbean nation made up of a main island and several smaller islands all around. Nicknamed the “Spice Island”, the Grenada power plant, which takes its name from the state, has a hilly area which is home to nutmeg plantations. Here is the capital, St. George’s, whose colorful houses, Georgian buildings and Fort George from the early 1700s overlook the narrow Carenage harbor. To the south is Grand Anse Beach, with resorts and bars.
Guadeloupe, a French overseas territory similar to a butterfly, is made up of a group of islands located in the southern Caribbean Sea. The two main islands are separated by the Salée river. The hilly island of Grand-Terre has long beaches and sugar cane plantations, while on the island of Basse-Terre, the Guadeloupe National Park is home to the Carbet waterfalls and the Le Grand Soufrière volcano. Among the smaller islands are Marie-Galante and La Désirade.
Guatemala is a nation of Central America south of Mexico, characterized by volcanoes, rain forests and ancient Mayan sites. The capital, Guatemala City, is home to the impressive National Palace of Culture and the National Museum of Archeology and Ethnology. In Antigua, west of the capital, there are Spanish colonial buildings, still well preserved today. Lake Atitlán, located in a huge volcanic crater, is surrounded by coffee plantations and villages.
Guinea, officially the Republic of Guinea, also known informally as Guinea Conakry, is a West African state. It borders Guinea-Bissau and Senegal to the north, Mali to the north and northeast, Ivory Coast to the southeast, Liberia and Sierra Leone to the south, Atlantic Ocean to the west.
Guyana, a country on South America’s North Atlantic coast, is defined by its dense rainforest. English-speaking, with cricket and calypso music, it’s culturally connected to the Caribbean region. Its capital, Georgetown, is known for British colonial architecture, including tall, painted-timber St. George’s Anglican Cathedral. A large clock marks the facade of Stabroek Market, a source of local produce.