North Macedonia, officially the Republic of North Macedonia, is a country in the Balkan Peninsula in Southeast Europe. It gained its independence under the name of Republic of Macedonia in 1991 as one of the successor states of Yugoslavia.
Madagascar is a huge island off the southern coast of Africa. It is the natural habitat of thousands of animal species, such as lemurs, which are not found anywhere else in the world, and is characterized by the presence of rain forests, beaches and coral reefs. Near the lively capital, Antananarivo, there is the archaeological site of Ambohimanga, a complex of royal palaces and burials that rises on top of some hills, in addition to Viale dei baobab, a dirt road lined with ancient trees.
Madeira, an autonomous region of Portugal, is an archipelago made up of four islands off the northwest coast of Africa. It is famous for its fortified wine (which takes its name from the island), as well as for the warm and subtropical climate. The main island of Madeira is volcanic, verdant and rough terrain, with high cliffs, pebble beaches and settlements on the delta of the Fajã River. The capital Funchal is known for its botanical gardens, the port and the great firework show held every New Year.
Malawi is a landlocked country in Southeast Africa. It is characterized by mountainous landscapes interrupted by the Great Rift Valley and the huge Lake Malawi. The southeastern border of the lake is part of the Lake Malawi National Park, which protects numerous wild animal species, from the most colorful fish to baboons. The clear waters of the lake are a popular destination for divers and boating enthusiasts. The Cape Mclear peninsula is known for beach resorts.
Mauritius, an island country in the Indian Ocean, is known for its beaches, lagoons and coral reefs. The mountains of the interior are home to the Black River Gorges National Park, with rain forests, waterfalls, hiking trails and animals such as the flying fox. In the capital Port Luis there are the Champs de Mars racecourse, the colonial villa Eureka and the botanical garden named after Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam, dating back to the 18th century.
Mali, officially the Republic of Mali is a landlocked country in West Africa. Mali is the eighth-largest country in Africa, with an area of just over 1,240,000 square kilometres. The population of Mali is 19.1 million. 67% of its population was estimated to be under the age of 25 in 2017. Its capital is Bamako.
Malta is an archipelago in the center of the Mediterranean Sea, located between Sicily and the North African coast. It is a nation famous for the historical sites connected to the various rulers of the island, from the Romans, to the Moors, to the Knights of San Giovanni, to the French and the English. Here there are numerous fortresses, megalithic temples and the Ħal Saflieni Hypogeum, an underground complex of salt and mortuary chambers dating back to around 4000 BC.
Martinique is a rugged Caribbean island part of the Lesser Antilles archipelago. Belonging to France, its culture is characterized by a particular mix of French and West Indian influences. Its largest city, Fort-de-France, has steep hills, narrow streets and La Savane, a garden surrounded by bars and shops. Here is a statue of Joséphine de Beauharnais, first wife of Napoleon Bonaparte, a native of the island.
The Federated States of Micronesia is a country spread across the western Pacific Ocean comprising more than 600 islands. Micronesia is made up of 4 island states: Pohnpei, Kosrae, Chuuk and Yap. The country is known for palm-shaded beaches, wreck-filled dives and ancient ruins, including Nan Madol, sunken basalt temples and burial vaults that extend out of a lagoon on Pohnpei.
Moldova, an Eastern European country and a former Soviet republic, is characterized by a varied territory that includes forests, rocky hills and vineyards. The Nistreana wine region is known for reds, while the Codru area is home to some of the largest wineries in the world. The capital Chișinău has Soviet-style architecture and houses the National History Museum, with works of art and ethnographic collections that reflect cultural ties with neighboring Romania.
Monaco is a small city-state on the Mediterranean coast of France known for high-class casinos, ports full of yachts and the prestigious automotive Grand Prix, which crosses the streets of the city once a year. Monte Carlo, the largest neighborhood, houses an elegant Belle Époque-style casino complex and the lavishly decorated Salle Garnier opera house. There are also many luxury hotels, boutiques, nightclubs and restaurants in the neighborhood.
Mongolia, a nation bordered by China and Russia, is known for vast, rugged expanses and nomadic culture. Its capital, Ulaanbaatar, centers around Chinggis Khaan (Genghis Khan) Square, named for the notorious founder of the 13th- and 14th-century Mongol Empire. Also in Ulaanbaatar are the National Museum of Mongolia, displaying historic and ethnographic artifacts, and the restored 1830 Gandantegchinlen Monastery.
Montenegro is a Balkan country with rugged mountains, medieval villages and a language of narrow beaches along the Adriatic coast. The bay of Kotor, which resembles a fjord, is dotted with churches and fortified cities such as Kotor and Herceg Novi itself. The Durmitor National Park, habitat of bears and wolves, includes limestone peaks, glacial lakes and the 1300 m deep Tara river canyon.
Myanmar, formerly known as Burma, is a Southeast Asian nation with more than 100 ethnic groups that borders India, Bangladesh, China, Laos and Thailand. Yangon (also known as Rangoon), the largest city in the country, is home to lively markets, numerous parks and lakes. Here is the tall golden pagoda of Shwedagon, inside which there are Buddhist relics dating back to the 6th century.