Türkiye, or Turkey as formerly known, is a country located in both Asia and Europe. While some of its religious and social aspects are traditionally associated with Western Asia, it is culturally considered European. Geographically, a small part of its territory is located in Southeastern Europe; the separation between the two continents is delimited by the Turkish Straits (Bosphorus, Sea of Marmara, and Dardanelles). With the Black Sea to the north and the Aegean Sea in the west and the Mediterranean Sea to the southwest, Turkey is surrounded by Bulgaria and Greece to the west, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia to the northeast, Syria, Iraq and Iran to the southeast.
In May 2022, The UN accepted the country’s request to have its name officially changed to Türkiye.
There is evidence that the bed of the Black Sea was once an inhabited plain before it was flooded in prehistoric times by rising sea levels. Mount Ararat (Ağrı Dağı), at 5,165 is the country’s highest point and legendary landing place of Noah’s Ark, lies in the mountains on the far eastern edge of the country.
Turkey was founded in 1923 by the remnants of the Ottoman Empire. Soon thereafter the country instituted secular laws to replace traditional religious fiats. In 1945 Turkey joined the UN, and in 1952 it became a member of NATO.
Turkey offers a wealth of destination varieties to travelers from dome-and-minaret filled skyline of Istanbul to Roman ruins along the western and southern coasts, from heavily indented coastline against a mountainous backdrop of Lycia and wide and sunny beaches of Pamphylia to cold and snowy mountains of the East, from crazy “foam parties” of Bodrum to Middle Eastern-flavoured cities of Southeastern Anatolia, from verdant misty mountains of Eastern Black Sea to wide steppe landscapes of Central Anatolia, there is something for everyone’s taste; whether they be traveling on an extreme budget by hitchhiking or by a multi-million yacht.